WHY is education for girls’ so effective in the fight against global poverty?
Raises Eventual Income Women’s incomes have been shown to be more likely than men’s to go towards food, education, health, and other family needs. Providing girls with even an extra year of schooling increases eventual wages by 10–20% . Also, even a 1 percent increase in the number of women with secondary education can increase annual national per capita economic growth by 0.3% .
Saves More Mothers and Babies Every year of education delays marriage for girls, lowers their risk of dying in pregnancy or childbirth, and reduces the number of children they are likely to have. Each year a woman spends in school reduces both fertility and child mortality by 10% .
Leads to Healthier Families Children of mothers who have even a primary school education are twice as likely to survive past the age of five. This is because educated women have more access to the resources they need to better feed and care for their families. For example, the children of a mother with even just one year of primary education have shown a 43% decline in malnutrition.
Reduces risk for HIV/AIDS and other illnesses Every year of education for a girl increases awareness and lowers her risk of infection. A girl who completes basic education has been shown to be three times less likely to contract HIV. Education also increases overall health outcomes for women and their families for the rest of their lives.
Helps Protect From Violence and Abuse Educated women are better empowered and better equipped to combat abuses such as domestic violence, trafficking, and discrimination at home, in society or in the workplace. Girls receiving an education are also less likely to be subjected to female genital cutting and more likely to oppose female genital cutting for their daughters.
Impacts the Next Generation Educated women are more likely to send their own children to school, be more active in their communities, and be advocates for other women and girls.